The Battle of Kosovo 1389
In the following text we present segments from works written after the Battle of Kosovo. They describe in the same manner the developments before, during and after that battle. Authors from different countries and times are cited to enable appropriate insight into the battle’s significance and political impact. Mavro Orbin from the Republic of Ragusa on the Adriatic coast was the author of the influential book, The Realm of the Slavs (1601)
“At that time, Turkish Emperor, Sultan Murat, arrived from Anatolia. Bringing with him thirty thousand warriors, he had penetrated into provinces that were under rule of King Lazar and his son-in-law Vuk. Both Lazar and Vuk had also gathered many foot soldiers and cavalrymen to fight him. But, after realizing that they could not match him, they did not dare enter the battlefield, but they were moving at a distance from the enemy’s army, through hills and safer places. Hence, when Murat realized that he could not defeat them, he went and arrived near Pristina. Since he could not conquer them by a storming attack, he lingered there for about a month, without any significant damage for that region. Then he returned to his provinces” (Mavro Orbin).
“After this, King Lazar and his Son-in-law Vuk, using diplomatic envoys (“Poklisars”), made a settlement deal with Murat. They agreed to pay certain compensation value, and in case of need, also one thousand armed men” (Mavro Orbin).
The Dubrovnik Chronicle from XV century states: “In year 1389, on 15th of June, on day of St. Vitus (“Vidovdan”), on Tuesday, a battle took place between Serbs and Turkish Emperor. On the Serbian side there were: Lazar, Serbian King, Vuk Branković and Duke Vlatko Vuković. And great death came to pass, both Serbian and Turkish, and only few of them returned; Emperor Murat was killed, and also the Serbian King. Nobody was victorious, neither Turks, nor Serbs, since it was a huge tragedy and death. The battle took place on Kosovo Field.
“And when the battle ensued, there was such a big rattle and hum that the very place of the battle was shaking. And so much blood was spilled, that one could have seen a trail of horse hooves in the spilled blood, and there were countless dead, and also Amir, the Persian King was killed. And then also this wonderful man, holy King Lazar” (Historic letter about King Lazar).