The expulsion of Albanians and appropriation of their property and settlement by Serbs
Colonization of southern areas
The story of an old lady
The Problem of the Displacement of Albanians from Yugoslavia
The experience of the eviction and emigration of Albanians from Serbia before 1920 was seen as an example for later policy in Yugoslavia. Dimitrije Bogdanovic argues that Turks and Muslim Albanians’ departure from Serbia in the nineteenth century and during the Balkan wars was spontaneous. They left because they were not confident about living under Christian rule and because they feared revenge. Between 1910 and 1920 the reduction in population was rather due to emigration of the Albanians and not losses in the wars. The numbers involved were relatively small, about 40,000 by 1921. The Turkish authorities were complicit in helping to facilitate the departure of the Albanian population.
Alexander Pavlovic, Colonization of Kosovo 1918-1941
In the period between the two World wars about 12.000 families of Serbs and Montenegrins had been colonised in Kosovo and Metohija. Realisation of colonisation was under direction of several agrarian offices with seats in some of the most important centers in Kosovo and Metohia, and each of those offices governed realisation of colonisation in two or more administratively devided areas within territory of Kosovo and Metohia in the period studied. Using available archive documents together with studies of some domestic authors who had contact with colonisation while doing their researches, the author of this paper intends to make – regarding mentioned administrative are- as division – a review of number of colonists, number of their families and of places colonists colonised in, all due to put some light on spatial distribution of colonists, to put some light on which administrative areas, which regions in Kosovo and Metohia generally, were involved in the process of colonisation.
The author found out that colonisation took place in 594 places (number of places with colonists, ranging from those with only one family to those co- lonist families whose number rose to a few hundred), and that among those places were some which had existed before colonisation, as well as places (in a lesser number) which were built as real colonies as a result of colonisation.
Also, the author found out that number of colonists and number of places whe- re colonists lived were the highest in the administrative areas of Djakovica, Istok, Pec, Gnjilane, Gracanica, in Metohia valley and Kosovo plane, that is in those regions of Kosovo and Metohia with wider possibilities for agriculture, relatively good traffic connections, etc.